When Do You Discipline A Cat?

Although a concerned cat caregiver may find occasions when discipline is necessary for a behavioral problem, more often than not, that behavior is the cat’s way of letting its human know that there is a problem with something in the household. Cats are basically pretty well-behaved critters, and rarely “act out” unless there is a problem. For example, a cat will not urinate on your bed because he is “mad” at you, nor scratch the arms of your favorite chair because he is “stubborn.”

Effective correction of a true behavioral problem is a three-fold process:

  1. Determine first, if it is really a behavioral problem
  2. If not, find and correct the real causes of the undesirable behavior
  3. In the rare cases of a true behavioral problem, find and use a correct means of discipline or retraining.

We’ll explore each of those steps more fully with a few common undesirable behaviors. Rather than trying to “reinvent the wheel” I’ll directs you to behavior-specific articles, when indicated.

Litter Box Avoidance
The classic example is a cat who suddenly starts urinating outside the litter box. You’ll need to eliminate the possible causes, starting with the most urgent, which could be a urinary tract infection or blockage.

What NOT to Do
Never, ever rub a cat’s nose in his pee or feces. He has no idea why he is being punished for performing a natural body function, and it teaches him nothing, except perhaps that you are a big bully with nasty manners. For the same reason “spanking” is an ineffective discipline for the above or any other violation.

Inappropriate Scratching
Cats are born to scratch. It provides a means of “sharpening their claws,” which is really the process of removing the grown-out sheath that covers them, and it offers the kind of stretching, pulling exercise that helps build strong muscles, tendons, and joints. (Think isotonic excercise.) A cat who scratches furniture needs a scratching post. If he already has one, he needs another one or two, of different sizes, textures (carpet, wood, or sisal) and configurations (tall, flat, or inclined).

What NOT to Do
Obviously, do not declaw because of property damage. There are many other humane alternatives.

Fighting or Bullying Other Cats
Cats sharing a household will often “play fight.” It’s a way of honing their skills, and is usually harmless fun. However, if one participant is clearly “out of his league,” real damage is being done, or one cat seems to be stalking and bullying another, you need to hone your own investigative skills. It could be something as simple as a strange cat lurking outside a window.

What to Do
First, clap your hands and shout “No!” to get their attention. Next, if possible, remove the cat on the short end of the fight to another location. If the bully seems intent on bloodletting, try throwing a large stuffed toy near him to help him redirect his aggression.

What NOT to Do
Never try to physically separate two cats bent on doing damage to one another. You can be seriously scratched or bitten.

Painful Scratching and Biting (of Humans)
This form of behavior is most often caused because your cat is not in the mood for a belly rub. Learning to read his body signals will go a long way to prevent future “attacks” by your cat.

What NOT to Do
Don’t jerk your hand away or you may be seriously scratched. Never shake a cat, hit or spank him. Shaking can cause internal injuries much like “shaken baby syndrome,” and as one forum member said, “All the cat knows is the human they love hit him, and he doesn’t know why!”

Jumping on Counters (Tables, etc.)
Training a cat to stay off forbidden areas is possible, but will take some patience and creativity on your part. Here are some Countering Counter-Surfing ideas.

What NOT to Do
Never throw a cat off a counter; you could inflict serious injury to him. If he is in immediate danger (close to a gas stove), approach him without alarming him, then pick up up and gently place him on the floor.

Almost all other behavioral problems can be corrected by the three methods discussed at the beginning of this article.

Stimulate Your Cat’s Senses

A cat owner should place a lot of importance on the cat’s environment. A boring environment often results in a bored cat. A stressful environment results in an anxious cat. A stimulating environment helps your cat fully enjoy her life. If a cat has a healthy, fun way to use her energy she’ll be less likely to demonstrate unwanted behaviors.

Since this is such an important topic and one that doesn’t always get the attention it deserves, Friskies has divided it into a three-part series to help you get enough ideas on how to up the fun factor in kitty’s life.

Benefits of Environment Enrichment

Cats are athletes. Some are more athletic than others but every cat needs exercise, movement, fun and the opportunity to fully enjoy life. If a cat has no outlet for her energy or is in a stressful, boring environment then chances increase that behavior issues will crop up or health problems may develop.

Environmental enrichment doesn’t mean just increasing the number of toys your cat has or giving her more space in which to roam around. It truly means creating an environment that contributes to improving her physical and psychological welfare. Sound complicated? It really isn’t. Environmental enrichment is easy, doesn’t break the budget, and the benefits are ongoing.

Start with a Good Foundation

The foundation on which you’ll build on is safety. Of course, it’s important to make sure all toys and objects you use are physically safe, but the safety we are actually referring to has to do with creating areas of refuge. Your cat needs areas that are her own comfort zones. If you have kids these areas should be places where the cat knows she can nap, eat, or just relax without any intrusion. In a multicat home, safety refers to having enough litter boxes so no one has to compete; perhaps more than one feeding station so no one feels intimidated; several levels of elevation (such as tiered cat trees) so everyone can perch somewhere without being pushed out of a favorite spot. A big cause of multicat tension is due to having to compete for resources. Every cat needs to feel safe in the environment. No amount of toys or playtime will work if a cat doesn’t feel safe enough to come out from under the bed.

Speaking of a good foundation, here are some of the basics that your cat needs for optimal health and welfare:

  • Healthy food that meets her appropriate stage of life
  • An ongoing supply of fresh, clean water – Consider a Pet Fountain to make this task a breeze
  • A litter box that’s the right size, filled with appealing litter and kept clean
  • A scratching post (if your cat has claws)
  • Cat Toys and the opportunity to engage in solo and interactive playtime
  • A safe, clean, and stress-free environment
  • Elevated areas for perching
  • Regular veterinary care
  • You!